After the end of Second World War, new generation weapons and warheads were introduced in the armed forces worldwide. To keep pace with these new technological developments, strong need was felt to create the indigenous base for setting up specialized instrumented facilities and range technologies essential for the evolution of data essential for design, development & evaluation of warheads and weapon systems. Terminal Ballistics Research Laboratory, Chandigarh was thus formed in 1961 as one of armament research laboratory, under the Department of Defence Research & Development with an aim to provide facilities for applied research and technology development in the fields of high explosives processing, detonics and shock dynamics, blast & damage, immunity, lethality & fragmentation, defeat of armour and performance evaluation of warheads & other armament systems.
Terminal Ballistics Research Laboratory (TBRL) was envisaged in 1961 as one of the modern armament research laboratories under the Department of Defence Research & Development.
The laboratory became fully operational in 1967 and was formally inaugurated in January 1968 by the then Defence Minister. While the main laboratory is situated in Chandigarh, the firing range, spread over an area of 5000 acre, is located at Ramgarh in Haryana, 22 km away from Chandigarh.