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  • Realising the importance of keeping snow-bound border roads open for maximum duration, Brig NB Grant, AVSM, initiated a programme on snow and related aspects in India in 1965. Initial efforts of the Corps of Engrs and R&DE (Engrs), Pune brought into existence the Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment (SASE) under the aegis of DRDO in 1969.


  • SASE registered steady growth from 1971 to 1977 and role of SASE was enlarged with the constitution of Advisory Committee. Avalanche forecasting, Artificial triggering, Structural control and generating awareness formed part of activities of SASE. A vast network of high altitude observatories was also established.


  • SASE observation location (Patseo) in Great Himalaya                Snow-met observatory at Patseo


  • Planned reconnaissances of avalanche prone axes in J&K, HP were conducted and Avalanche Atlases were prepared. Cold Laboratory was established in 1990 and research on snow physics and mechanics was initiated. In nineties the installation of Automatic Weather Stations (AWS) was initiated to densify the network of weather observation station in Himalaya.


  • SASE steadily stood the test of time, and in due course emerged as a frontier research centre in Cold Region Sciences and Engineering for saving precious lives in snow bound mountainous regions. During the course of its growth over the last 40 years, SASE has created an impressive scientific and technical infrastructure which includes Experimental Research Station for Structural control of Avalanches, Snow Chute for Avalanche Dynamics Modeling, Low Temperature Concrete Testing Facility, X-ray Microtomography Facility, Radio based Remote Telemetry Systems, Remote Sensing Lab and MODIS Earth Receiving Station to name a few.


  • Avalanche control structures at Banihal Top(Jammu & Kashmir) 3-D terrain model of glacier using remote sensing technique


  • A large area of Western Himalaya, comprising eleven major road axes and numerous tracks are being covered to forewarn the troops and civil population of the impending avalanche danger. Avalanche Forecasting Centres (AFC) and Mountain Met Centres (MMC) have been set up at various places. An inter ministerial project for the development of mountain meteorology in Himalaya has been launched in collaboration with Army, Indian Meteorological Department (IMD), National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF) Indian Air force and MHA.


  • SASE is also actively participating in Indian Antarctic Programme with ongoing research activities in the areas of Antarctic Surface Energy Balance and monitoring of Glaciers. In the course of its journey, SASE has organised various Symposia, Seminars and Workshops where attempts have been made to bring scientists of repute and the users on a common platform and to discuss ways and means to mitigate various natural threats in Himalaya.


  • Mountain Met Centre, Jammu

    SASE AWS in Antarctica



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