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Historical Background


Battle field arena for most countries, including India, comprises difficult terrains such as rugged mountains, extremely cold and high altitude region. Successful military operations therefore depend on well-being of the soldiers besides other elements. In order to cater the basic human necessities of fresh food in extreme high altitude condition, the Defence Institute of High Altitude Research (DIHAR), a constituent laboratory of Defence Research & Development Organisation, was setup at Leh in 1962 with the mandate to meet fresh food requirement of the soldiers at high altitude cold desert condition and also to make the region reasonably green. The institute is one of its kinds in the world at an altitude of 3,500 m above MSL, having core competence in cold arid agro-animal technology. The institute through its pioneering R&D efforts over the years has brought about perceptible qualitative and quantitative changes in agriculture, animal & veterinary sciences and cold desert medicinal flora of Ladakh.

The thrust of the institute has been to do directed basic research for productivity enhancement of fresh vegetable and animal origin food; agro-animal disease investigation and control measures; exploitation of high altitude plant wealth for herbal products formulation; up gradation of native livestock germplasm, semi-permafrost based conservation of elite plant germplasm; post-harvest technology for agro-horticultural crops; improvised hatching technology, nanomaterials based technology for improvement of crop & animal productivity, and extension activities to improve lab-to-land communication. The institute has its research stations at Ranbirpura, Ladakh; Partapur, Siachen Sector; Base Laboratory in Chandigarh and the world’s highest terrestrial R&D Centre at Changla, Ladakh.


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