Past Accomplishment


  • Collected 2958 multi crop accessions (Plant bio-diversity) from central Himalayas for exploitation in crop improvement programme through molecular biotechnological tools.
  • Developed high yielding varieties/hybrids in vegetables like Tomato, Capsicum, Cabbage, Bittergourd, bottlegourd, Brinjal etc. The varieties/hybrids are also released in State and National level.
  • Developed high yielding varieties/hybrids in vegetables like Tomato, Capsicum, Cabbage, Bittergourd, bottlegourd, Brinjal etc. The varieties/hybrids are also released in State and National level.
  • Screened salt tolerant vegetable genotypes for cultivation in saline eco system of Thar desert
  • Developed package of practices for undertaking vegetable cultivation in high altitude cold desert (Pooh and Lahul Spiti-HP). The produce had great significances during Tinkoo and Maling Nalah blockade. The technology was also demonstrated in 8 Mtn. Div.
  • Undertaken incubation and hatching of broiler eggs and rearing of broiler chicken in 36 Sector. Provided 3000 kg fresh nutritious broiler chicken every month to troops during 1993-94, 1994-95
  • Developed Pisciculture technology and cantonment fishery
  • Improvised Angora rabbit rearing and wool production and technology and developed Angora wool village in munsiyari (pithoragarh)
  • Standardized the protocol for broiler rearing and hatching for middle as well as higher hills.
  • Developed package & practices for cattle rearing in hills and evaluated the performance of cattle breeds. The cross bred cattle (Holstein friesian x Sahiwal) were found suitable for middle hills
  • Demonstrated agro-animal technology in village 'SIL' of Kanalichhina Block of Pithoragarh district (UA), KAHEKO village (NAGALAND) by implementing proven agro-animal technologies
  • A multitier vermi-technology has been developed for recycling of bio-wastes in association with cowdung using exotic species of earthworm, Eisenia foetida.
  • Relief extended in Malpa Disaster(18-26 August 1998), earth quake in Chamoli (1 April to 6 April 1999), Super Cyclone ravaged area Chaulanigaon, Balasore, Orissa and Uttarakhand disaster (22-29 Jun 2013)
  • Established a circular hatchery and breeding of exotic carps was carried out. Technology for composite fish culture has been developed and standardized by the laboratory. Three species, namely, silver carp, grass carp and common carp culture in the ratio of 30:30:40 , have been found suitable so as to utilize the feeding materials available in all the niches of the pond for maximum productivity. Maximum fish production has been achieved to the tune of 3500 to 4000 kg/ha/year under this system of farming.
  • Laboratory has developed green house technology for off season vegetable cultivation and troops have been getting fresh vegetables during winter months even in Kargil , Drass, Mana and Malari areas (9,000-16000 ft altitude). Laboratory has developed nutrient solutions for cultivation of tomato under hydroponics and both of these technologies have been successfully demonstrated at South Pole during IX, X, XI, XV and XVI Indian Antarctic Expeditions.
  • Established 27 greenhouses in different units of 69 Mtn Bde and 9(I) Mtn. Bde.


Soilless Cultivation: Hydroponics


Growing of plants without soil in nutrient solution has resulted in development of hydroponics.. This system has proved very useful in snow bound hilly and high altitude areas and metropolitans where enough land mass is not available besides rocky, desert and other non productive areas This innovation has now eradicated the main hurdle of vegetable cultivation in hydroponics and use of single solution developed by DIBER made this technology user friendly. Vegetables were grown successfully in various altitudes including in Antarctica.

Use of rain water in hydroponics has added new dimensions to make it popular amongst farmers.

Standardization of Agronomical Practices for Conventional Vegetables of Central Himalayan Regions and Value Addition:

Following vegetables endemic to Himalayan region have been standardized for their agro techniques and value addition for use as emergency and famine ration in case of any danger to exotic vegetables.

Dioscorea kumaunensis Kunth , D. kumaunensis Kunth. Bulbil , Cyclanthera pedeta ( Meetha Karela ) , Colocasia esculenta, (Gaderi) , Fagopyrum esculentum(Ugal), Lepidium sativum (Chamsoor), Urtica dioica (Bicchu Ghas ), Diplazium frondosum (Lingura ) , Myrica nagi (Kaphal ) , and Amranthus paniculatus (Chua).


Brief Summary Of Current Achievement


DRDO-Army Bio-Diesel Programme

Fast depletion of fossil fuel due to its reckless consumption and increasing demand, sky rocketing price, search for alternate source of energy (Bio-diesel) is prime demand of Nation. Keeping in view the above facts, requirement was projected by DDG MF in Integrated Research Council Meeting held under the Chairmanship of QMG Lt. Gen A. S. Bahia, PVSM, AVSM on 24 Feb 2006. It was suggested to have a collaborative project with QMG & MGO. Following the directives, DRDO submitted a concept paper on R&D aspects of Jatropha based bio-diesel production to Hon'ble Raksha Mantri.

On 12 Sep, 2006, the then Hon'ble Raksha Mantri gave a note after going through the concept paper

A project for cultivation and processing of Jatropha curcus and trials of Jatropha seed oil on Army vehicles should be taken up on priority basis. The technologies available for the processing of Jatropha oil should be studied and upgraded for early installation as pilot project at a suitable place. Needed funds should be made available."

....Pranab Mukherjee

Consequently a collaborative programme 'DRDO-Army Bio-diesel Programme'costing Rs. 14.75 crore with PDC 5 years was sanctioned in June 2007 to DIBER as a Nodal Lab with VRDE Ahmednagar, DRDE Gwalior, DMSRDE Kanpur, FRL Leh and DRL Tezpur, Academia and Services as partners of the programme with the following objectives and milestone achieved.

The programme is monitored by high level steering Committee under the chairmanship of RRM.

Integrated approach for bio-diesel& bye-products.


  • High oil yielding cultivars of Jatropha coupled with higher productivity : Identified for semi arid zone and foothills.
  • Micro-propagation protocol for mass multiplication : Standardized and transferred to TERI.
  • Trans-esterification plant: being run (CSIR Technology) at project site MF Secunderabad
  • Detoxification of Jatropha cake : New methodology developed.
    Detoxified JCM at 5% in animal feed is safe and non toxic
  • Protocol for storage and shelf life enhancement for extreme environment: Developed for biodiesel
    (From 06 months to 18 months for hot environment). Anti-freezing agent was found highly effective to enhance the storage life in extreme cold condition (up to 200C)
  • Technical trials on use of biodiesel in defence vehicle completed: Users trials are being carried out 9% increase in torque was observed in case of B20 sample as compared to that of conventional diesel. However, SFC decreased by max 4%.
    Power Tiller make KAMCO MAKE was run on biodiesel (B100) and it was observed that power tiller runs 2.5 hrs/ltr on biodiesel as compare to 1.9 hr/ltr on diesel
  • Bio-methanation plant and Gasifier of capacity 60 KWth : Installed & syngas is being produced. The use of syngas in Genset reduced consumption of diesel upto 50%. Confirmatory trial is in progress.
  • Transesterification process is being monitored through TLC. To upgrade the trans-esterification R&D is being carried out in colloboration with Anna University composite catalyst AlMCM41/ZSM5 (Si/Al=25,meso-coating 20%) was found to be the best catalyst (60.7 % selectivity towards gasoline, 19.4% towards kerosene and 19.9% towards diesel) for cracking of jatropha oil.
  • Bio-augmentation was done by introducing fungus (Aspergillus awamori, Aspergillus nidulans, Trichoderma viride, Phanerochaete chrysosporium) and bacterial (Pseudomonas striata and Azotobacter chroococcum) inoculums for rapid decomposting of jatropha cake by mixing it with different agri wastes and grass clippings in a ratio of 4:1:2 which reduces decomposition time ( 60 5 days).
  • Jatropha is yielding an additional 25 MT/ha/y biomass on dry basis by pruning and installation of Gasifier is in process to use biomass for electricity.


Camelina sativa: Introduction of New Crop


  • Camelina, a short duration non edible oil yielding ( 40%) crop introduced through NBPGR (ICAR) as per protocol.
  • Inter-cropping of Jatropha with Camelina to enhance productivity potential per unit area: Being carried out. Fits well in crop rotation.
  • A nucleus seed has been multiplied to 1087 kg for large scale field trials.


Algal biofuel R&D


  • Scenedesmus sp. has been identified as promising strain having biomass yield as dry weight (450 Kg/ha/day) and total lipid productivity of 17.7 mg/l/day.
  • Standardized oil extraction protocol in organic solvent by Heating at 650C for 6-8 hrs.
  • DRL Tezpur has developed raceway pond culture facility and studied growth kinetics of unialgal cultures viz. DRL-MA-14, DRL-MA-16, DRL-MA-20, DRL-MA-10 and DRL-MA-13 and optimized harvesting time ( 35 days).

Development Of Cold Tolerant Vegetables To Augment The Fresh Supply To Troops In Himalayan Region


Pedigree enrichment and identification of donor parents

  • Germplasm of different crop viz., tomato, capsicum, bittergourd, cucmber, broccoli, cabbage and pea was collected from different national and international centers. Material was evaluated in the field and donor parents were identified for yield, yield attributing traits, quality and disease resistance. These donor parents were used in further breeding programme.

Development of new strains

  • DARL-70, DARL-71 and DARL-72 in capsicum and DARL-68 and DARL-69 were developed and entered in All India Coordinated vegetable improvement programme for further testing, identification and release.

Development of Varieties/Hybrids

Vegetable hybrids/ varieties i.e. hybrid DARL-102 in cucumber, DARL-801 in cabbage and varieties DARL- 41 in Bitter gourd and DARL-25 in Bottle gourd were recommended for release by State Vegetable Varietal Release Committee for Uttarakhand.

  • Tomato Hybrid DARL-305 was identified for release by State Variety Release Committee of Uttarakhand State on 18 May 2011. This hybrid is determinate in growth habit with good foliage cover having medium sized fruits, plants are medium in height and much branched. 3-5 fruits per cluster. Average fruit weight is 45-50 g. Ripen fruit has TSS content of 4.2%. The yield potential is 350 q/ha. Field tolerant to powdery mildew. It takes 75-80 days to maturity.
  • Capsicum hybrid DARL-70 was identified for release by National Variet Release Committee in May 2013 .

Transgenic Vegetables Development

  • Cloning and characterization of cold tolerant and nutritionally important genes LlaNAC, LlaCIPK, LlaDREB1b, LlaGPAT, LlaPR, LlaIPK, LlaRan, LlaDRT from indigenous plant species i.e. Lepidium latifolium were carried out and genes are being transformed in tomato and model plant tobacco.
  • Genetic transformation of candidate crops with cloned cold tolerant and nutritionally important genes and their under progress.
    • Carried out containment evaluation (T8, T9).
    • Optimized transgenic confirmation at germination and at seedling stage based on Kanamycin resistance.
    • Advanced osmotin transgenic tomato to T11 generation.
  • LlaNAC : Tobacco transgenic T2 generation
  • LlaDREB1b, LlaNAC & LlaCIPK- T1 generation.

Development of Agro-technology for Economically Important Himalayan MAPs

Conserved > 50 important RTE species of medicinal plants


Societal Mission

Adopted Mana village for their livelihood


  • Vegetable and medicinal plant cultivation.
  • Seabuckthorn cultivation and value addition.




Patents filed

  • A herbal formulation of Namkeen tea and a process for preparation of such formulation. Application No. 101/DEL/2005 dated 15 Feb, 2005.
  • A herbal formulation for medicated soft drink and a process for preparation of such formulation. Application No. 102/DEL/2005 dated 15 Feb, 2005.
  • A formulation for herbal chutney and a process for preparation of such formulation dated 6 June, 2005.
  • A herbal formulation for treatment of sunburn and dryness of skin and a process for preparation of such formulation. Patent application No. - 2301/DEL/2009 dated 17th Nov.2009.
  • A formulation for in-vitro mycelium culture of Cordyceps sinensis and a process for preparation thereof Patent application No. -967/DEL/2009 dated 28th May 2009.
  • A process for preparation of a performance enhancer herbal formulation having anti-oxidant and immune-stimulant properties vide patent application No. 2086/DEL/2011 dated 3 Aug 2011.
  • Oligonucleotide primers and probe for a rapid, reliable and sensitive real time PCR based detection of transgenic plants.

Patent(s) Granted

DIBER DRDOA process for the preparation of herbal composition for the treatment of leucoderma: Patent document No. 190981.



DIBER DRDOA herbal formulation for treatment of skin disorders and process of preparation thereof. Patent document No. 191088.



DIBER DRDOA herbal formulation for toothache and related disorders and a process for preparation thereof Patent document No. 240652




DIBER Bulletins

  • Broiler production in hills of Uttarakhand and Kinnaur.
  • Angora farming for wool production.
  • Nutritive value of vegetable crops in Central Himalayas.
  • Hydroponics.
  • Himalaya mein kukkut palan ki vaigyanik vidhi.
  • Dudh ka vaIgyanik vishleshan.
  • An introduction to pond fishery.
  • Himalaya mein khumb utpadan.
  • Padap uttak samvardhan taknik dwara parvatiya kshetron mein tamater utpadan.
  • Aromatic and medicinal planTs in central Himalayas.
  • Vermi-composting: Economical and Eco-friendly way of Plant nutrient management.
  • SoP for Aloe vera cultivation.
  • Technology Document: Jatropha curcas. 2008.
  • SoP on Camelina sativa.