Historical Background

DIBER DRDOThe great visionary person and architecture of modern India Lt Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru the first Hon'ble Prime Minister of India took a note of existing diplomatic strategic situations prevailing in strategically bordering high altitude parts of our country nearer to International boundary regarding logistic problems to be faced in case of backing out of any unforeseen war eventualities. He discussed the problem with late Professor Bosi Sen during his visit to Almora in June 1960 about the situation of entire Himalayan belt and suggested to take the work of improving agro-animal situation in the area for improving the productivity. The brain child of the vision of late Pt Jawahar Lal Nehru Hon'ble First Prime Minister of India emerged as Agriculture Research Unit (ARU) now DIBER. Accordingly the work was initiated and the logistic problems were addressed by initiating the R&D activities to meet the requirement of the troops. The event of genesis are as under-

  • Started functioning as a technical advisory cell in Almora to support the ARU opened primarily at Leh under financial support of ICAR in April 1961.
  • Both Leh Research Unit and Almora technical cell were transferred to DRDO in July 1962 owing to various logistics and administrative difficulties faced by ICAR.
  • Field R&D activities were started in Almora technical cell in July 1967 to provide better R&D support to Leh Unit.
  • Almora technical cell was granted self-accounting status for conducting similar activities in Central Himalayas with new name as ARU w.e.f. July 1970.
  • Field stations of ARU were opened in 1972 at Pithoragarh (5500') and Auli (9000') to meet the requirement of various agro-climatic zones.
  • Base station were opened in Haldwani, the last railway station for Kumaon hills, in April 1981 for better man and material support.
  • The name Agricultural Research Unit was upgraded as DARL in 1984 in the Silver Jubilee year of DRDO with Almora as HQ and Pithoragarh, Auli and Haldwani as detachments.
  • A training center was opened at Gorkha Resettlement & Training Unit (GRTU) Raiwala, Dehradun in 1991, to impart training on agro-animal technologies to Jawans under the sponsorship of DGR,DHQ.
  • The landmark assignment to address by the laboratory for sustainable village development programme was taken up at Kanalichhina village Pithoragarh, and mana village. Agro animal husbandry technologies were demonstrated in 36 Sector and were handed over to Army. The technologies like greenhouse, hydroponics, hybrid vegetable and varieties, mushroom cultivation, biotechnology for cold tolerance, angora rabbit breeding for fur and wool and pisciculture etc. were developed and demonstrated.
  • DARL, HQ, was shifted to Haldwani from Almora in 1992 and from Haldwani to Pithoragarh in1996.
  • With the added significance of bio-energy for DRDO and its operation areas being extended to different agro-climatic zones of Country, the HQ of DARL has again been shifted to Haldwani in April 2008.


During the Golden Jubilee year of DRDO the laboratory was renamed as Defence Institute of Bio –Energy Research (DIBER) which is ready to address the challenges of new vision, mission and mandate. To address the crisis of fossil fuel, bio-fuel parks are under development for production of bio-diesel to meet the emergency requirement of troops.