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Areas of Work


Over the years, ADE has developed a number of vital military systems and its associated technologies to meet the growing needs of the Indian Armed Forces. Primarily, the major areas of work include the following:

  • Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.
    • Low Speed Long Endurance Unmanned Aircraft Systems.
    • High Speed UAVs including Target Aircraft and Cruise Vehicles.
  • Combat Aircraft Systems.
  • Micro Air Vehicles.
  • Flight Simulation.
  • Air Weapon Integration.
  • Aerial Image Exploitation.

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles:


Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are important lethal and non-lethal force multipliers in warfare, cost-effective alternatives to manned aircraft in specialized civilian roles and serve as valuable test beds for aeronautical research. UAVs have promising military and civilian applications that include aerial reconnaissance and surveillance, weapon delivery platforms, cruise missiles, border monitoring, law enforcement, anti-smuggling and anti-terrorist operations, weather research, communications, disaster management, pollution monitoring etc. ADE has developed UAVs for the following roles:

Various UAVs of ADE

  • Targets which simulate aerial threats.
  • Surveillance and reconnaissance platforms.

ADE has been in the forefront in the development of associated UAV technologies spanning various engineering disciplines. The important technologies and disciplines cover the following technology divisions:

  • Aerodynamics Division is one of the most important technology divisions dealing with aerodynamic configuration design, performance evaluation & analysis, aerodynamic design using CFD and engineering methods, wind tunnel model design & testing, propeller design & development and store separation simulation & testing.

  • Aircraft Structures Design Centre involved in airframe design and analysis, CG management and layout design, aero elastic analysis, structural testing, mechanical design of actuators, electronic enclosures design and payload housing design.

  • Propulsion Systems Division involved in propulsion systems integration, fuel system management, air-intake design and analysis and booster integration.

  • Flight Control Computer Division - This division is responsible for the development of onboard digital and analog flight control computers and associated interface systems for UAVs and manned aircrafts.

  • Flight Simulation Division This division has pioneered development of flight simulator technology & flight simulation in the country for over three decades. The division has major responsibilities in the establishment and operation of the pilot-in-loop simulation facilities, provide engineering simulation support for new aircraft projects in definition, development and flight testing phases, investigation of handling qualities and other problems related to current aircraft and also carry out applied research leading to the continuous growth of capabilities in the use of simulation techniques in design, development and training.

  • Flight Control Test Systems is responsible for developing systems & products for testing, verification, validation & certification of Flight Control Systems (FCS) of manned aircrafts using state-of art technologies. The first Engineering Test Station was set up in ADE in 1994 with the aim of testing the FCS of LCA. In order to support the speedy development of FCS for LCA, including all its variants, ADE has set up 5 ETS at ADE, ADA, ARDC (HAL) and BEL for DFCCs.

  • Flight Test Telecommand and Tracking Division involved in design of airborne and ground antennae, aircraft mounted antenna pattern studies and ground control station and radar augmenters development etc.

  • Flight Mechanics and Control Engineering This division provides state-of-art navigation, guidance flight and mission control systems for various UAV and weapon programs. As a core engineering division, the division has two main spines, viz., Flight Mechanics and Law Design (FMCLD) group and Sensor & Actuator group.

  • Software Engineering Division - LCA This division provides expertise to meet the present and future requirements of Safety Critical Software for Airborne system using software engineering practices & performs Post Flight Analysis for safety critical software. The division develops embedded software for specific airborne system projects as assigned from time to time.

  • Software Engineering Division -UAV This division is responsible to create and upgrade a centralized environment and a pool of expertise to meet the present & future requirements of embedded software for mission critical airborne systems. The division is involved in the design and development of embedded FCS software for all UAV projects and provides support for system integration, testing and flight trials.

  • Mission Sensors Technology Division This division is involved in the design and development of Electro-Optic systems to meet reconnaissance and surveillance requirements of the Services and stabilized gimbal payload assemblies.

  • Avionics Systems Division This division is responsible for the design & development of cockpit display systems for combat aircraft and air vehicles. The division is involved in the design and development of mission computers for UAVs and to establish avionics rig for the same using opal RT system of the AHILS Project.

  • Assembly and Integration Centre for UAVs This division is a specialized division to perform the task of avionics integration. This division actively contributes towards system integration, development flight trials, user training and field support, limited series production of UAVs and transfer of technology to the production agency.

  • Aerial Image Exploitation Laboratory A Ground Image Exploitation System (GIES) has been developed with state-of-the-art hardware and image exploitation software to acquire, store, retrieve, process, analyze, interpret, display and disseminate information from imagery obtained during UAV mission. Military and intelligence analysts can view live video imagery from the UAV using powerful tools for image analysis.

  • Composite Technology Centre This division is a polymer composite fabrication, development and characterization centre and is equipped with composite processing facilities including matched die molding, vacuum bagging and other advanced liquid molding techniques like the resin infusion molding (RIM) and resin transfer molding (RTM). The material characterization facilities of the division houses state-of-art equipments like dynamic mechanical analyzer (DMA), modulated differential scanning calorimeter (MDSC), Fourier transform infra red (FTIR) spectroscope, air-coupled ultrasonic scanner, mechanical testing machine and high magnification optical microscope.

  • Quality & Airworthiness A major technical support division of ADE entrusted with the responsibility of quality Control, quality assurance and reliability analysis of ADE projects and general developmental works both in-house as well as at vendor�s premises. The division is also involved in airworthiness certification activities for UAVs.

  • Combat Aircraft Systems - TEJAS - Of the four complex state-of-the-art technologies of Tejas, one of them is digital fly-by-wire flight control system (DFBW-FCS). The nation's first DFBW-FCS was realized by ADE and was on-board of the Tejas technology demonstrator aircraft during the maiden flight on 4th January 2001. The cockpit display suite and design and development of engineering test stations were also carried out by ADE.

  • Flight Simulation - ADE is a pioneer in the field in India in the development of flight simulators for operational training of combat pilots and has designed and built
    • Digital Flight Simulators for the Ajeet and Kiran Aircraft.
    • Tejas LCA Engineering Simulator.
    • Avionics Part Task Trainer for upgraded MiG-27.
    • Computerized Pilot Selection System (CPSS).
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